News from Across the American Shoreline

International
Fisheries

Eight million salmon killed in a week by sudden surge of algae in Norway

Deaths come weeks after similar incident in Scotland: ‘We’re all pretty worried’

Gulf of Mexico
Waterways

Restore the Mississippi River Coalition position on freshwater diversions and dolphin deaths

Restore the Mississippi River Coalition is committed to the long-term health of the Louisiana coast and wildlife. Recent freshwater releases by the USACE from the Mississippi River have altered salinities and concern has arisen on the wildlife

Gulf of Mexico
Waterways

Morganza Spillway opening likely; farmers can expect total loss

BATON ROUGE — Gov. John Bel Edwards and Col. Michael Clancy expect the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to open the Morganza Spillway June 2, flooding 24,000 acres of mostly farmland in the Atchafalaya River Basin and wiping out all the crops there. The corps will make its final decision on May 28.

West Coast
Engineering

Sonoma Coast erosion forces Highway 1 lane closure, with a long-term fix years out

A stretch of southbound Highway 1 on the Sonoma Coast at risk of failure from coastal erosion for two decades has finally been abandoned — the cracked and sagging western-most lane shut down for good last week.

Northeast
Fisheries

This iconic fish nearly disappeared from N.J., Now it's coming back (and fishermen love it).

Above - Cody McLaughlin, fisherman and spokesman for the New Jersey Outdoor Alliance, admires a freshly caught shad before releasing the fish back into the Delaware River in Trenton on Saturday, April 6, 2019. (Michael Sol Warren | NJ Advance Media for NJ.com)

Southeast
Property

Congress breaks stalemate, set to send millions of dollars to help storm-ravaged South Carolina

WASHINGTON - South Carolina will receive millions of dollars in federal aid to offset damages from Hurricanes Florence and Michael last year. It will be welcome news for the state’s residents hit hardest by the massive storm. According to U.S. Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., the situation was set to become dire “in the coming weeks, not months,” if Congress did not quickly overcome partisan disagreements and pass a disaster aid bill.

Gulf of Mexico
Waterways

Port VLCC -- Very Large Crude Carrier -- project on schedule despite new environmental study

There’s a battle brewing between the Port of Corpus Christi and a Port Aransas environmental group.

Gulf of Mexico
Science

Dolphins, endangered sea turtles, oysters dying as fresh water invades Mississippi Sound. Dolphin deaths now number 80

GULFPORT, MS - Freshwater intrusion from the Bonnet Carre spillway is damaging aquatic life in the Mississippi Sound, with 13 dead dolphins and 23 dead sea turtles found along the Mississippi Coast in the last two weeks.

Southeast
Property

Charleston dealing with rapid rise in applications for raising homes

At least 50 homeowners in Charleston’s historic district have inquired about elevating their homes, a practice the city once discouraged but now largely accepts after a spate of recent floods and the growing reality of climate change.

Southeast
Waterways

Jacksonville District Begins Study Process for Future Miami Harbor Project

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Jacksonville District held a conference call on April 26 to provide an update on the progress of the Navigation Improvement Study for the Miami Harbor in Florida.

International
Science

Processes not observed on Earth play major roles in the movement of sand on Mars

Wind has shaped the face of Mars for millennia, but its exact role in piling up sand dunes, carving out rocky escarpments or filling impact craters has eluded scientists until now.

International
Advocacy

We're Now At A Million Plastic Bottles Per Minute - 91% Of Which Are Not Recycled

Every person reading this has used a plastic bottle, many of whom likely used one in the past day or week. Plastic, in the recent decades, has become a staple of convenience and a modern lifestyle. The surge in plastic bottle use has accompanied a desire for bottled water as Asia has modernized its lifestyle.

Gulf of Mexico
Tourism

Red tide returns to Sarasota area

The toxic, smelly algae bloom that hurt hotel sales and waterfront destinations last year is back in Florida's waters.

Southeast
Property

“No one should be lending for 30 years in most of Florida,” financial climate analyst warns

Rising insurance premiums could lead to an economic crash in the Sunshine State, according to one expert

International
Federal

Pacific nuclear waste site was put under a dome - and the dome is cracking

At 6.45am on March 1, 1954, the blue sky stretching over the south Pacific Ocean was split open by an enormous red flash.

Southeast
Local

‘Protectors Of The Coast’: What Mangroves' Northward March Means For Northeast Florida

Walking along a wooden path winding through Nease Beachfront Park in St. Augustine, Danny Lippi pointed to coastal trees sprouting from the shrubbery around him. The exotic species were brought here by warming temperatures — bringing business opportunities for the local arborist.

Hawaii & Alaska
Engineering

Kahana Beach Nourishment Project Presented to Public as Ocean Engineers Seek Solutions to Sea Level Rise Damage in Hawaii

A proposal for a regional response to erosion partially caused by sea level rise (SLR) in Hawaii was introduced to the public on March 8 in the form of an Environmental Impact Statement Preparation Notice (EISPN) “Kahana Bay Erosion Mitigation Project Lahaina District, Island of Maui” with a 30-day public response period.

Southeast
Engineering

Jacksonville District to Study Sediment Transport Along Southeast Florida Coast

In March, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Jacksonville District awarded a $4.4 million contract to Environmental Tracing, LLC for a Sediment Morphodynamic Assessment Project to examine sediment transport in southeast Florida over the next two years.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Can Dare County finally conquer shoaling? Dare County Board Approves Dredge Contract

DARE COUNTY, North Carolina - After a long history of false starts and dashed hopes in the quest to ensure the navigability of Dare County’s Oregon and Hatteras inlets, real progress seems at hand.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Two weeks in and its full speed ahead for Nags Head beach renourishment

The $42.7 million Nags Head beach renourishment project is moving steadily forward thanks to good weather, and with a bit of good luck could be finished well before the end of the summer season.

Southeast
Engineering

Delray Beach invests in beach renourishment

Delray Beach, Florida moves forward with beach renourishment.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Virginia Beach Oceanfront renourishment project to begin in June

VIRGINIA BEACH, Va. - The Virginia Beach Oceanfront is getting some renourishment.

Northeast
Engineering

Van Drew seeks federal help to let Stone Harbor use Hereford Inlet sand for beaches

Stone Harbor Point, at the southern tip of the island, is a natural conservation area popular among bird watchers and nature lovers. It was greatly expanded by sand washing south from replenished beaches in Stone Harbor and Avalon, using sand dredged from Hereford Inlet before 2016. Tuesday June 13, 2018.

Northeast
Property

Op-Ed: Water dependent means exactly that

Recent opinions by Columnist David Collins supporting the proposed siting of a seasonal restaurant on a city-owned pier in the Downtown Waterfront Park and the editorial board’s praising Governor Ned Lamont’s announcement of a public-private partnership for upgrading State Pier both ignore the statutory provisions of the Connecticut Coastal Management Act.

International
Property

Philippine cities facing sinking prospects

MANILA (AFP-Jiji) — When Mary Ann San Jose moved to Sitio Pariahan more than two decades ago, she could walk to the local chapel. Today, reaching it requires a swim.

Southeast
Advocacy

Sunbather run over on Fernandina beach - 2nd hit-and-run involving a sunbather in less than a month in Nassau County

FERNANDINA BEACH, Fla. - A woman sunbathing on a Fernandina beach was run over Tuesday afternoon, authorities said.

International
Property

More than half of Brits want to buy a home near the coast or waterfront

Over half of people in Britain would like to buy a home near the coast and many plan to move closer to the seaside or a water front in the future, a new survey has found.

International
Fisheries

Canada enacts new rules to protect Southern Resident orcas

VANCOUVER — Canada has announced sweeping new rules to protect Southern Resident orcas off British Columbia’s coast, including requiring ships to stay 438 yards away from the whales and closing some salmon fisheries.

Caribbean
Fisheries

NOAA Supports New Fishery Management Plans in USVI

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has taken an island-based management approach since 2012, providing autonomy to agencies like the Caribbean Fishery Management Council, which has now approved plans to further embrace island-based fishing management.

Gulf of Mexico
Science

Baby tiger sharks eat songbirds - DNA analysis of shark barf tells scientists what kinds of birds the sharks scavenge

Tiger sharks have a reputation for being the 'garbage cans of the sea' -- they'll eat just about anything, from dolphins and sea turtles to rubber tires. And in a new study, scientists just discovered that baby tiger sharks eat birds. And not seabirds like gulls or pelicans -- familiar backyard birds like sparrows, woodpeckers, and doves. In short: Baby sharks, doo doo doo doo doo doo They eat birds, doo doo doo doo doo doo

International
Fisheries

Marine protection group removes two tons of ghost nets from Greek seabed

Ghost nets are a substantial threat to fish and wildlife the world over. Addressing the problem will take effort on a large scale.

International
Engineering

Accelerating Climate Initiatives by Van Oord

Van Oord, an international contractor specializing in dredging, marine engineering and offshore projects, presented a white paper on Accelerating Climate Initiatives today.

International
Property

India Supreme Court refuses to extend deadline for demolishing flats in Maradu

The court evaluated that it is high time the tendency of courts and other legal systems stopped forgiving those who violate the environment laws.

Southeast
Local

How safe are Georgia's beaches?

Georgia has issued more than 200 coastal swimming advisories since 2007. Some beaches are so perpetually polluted, they carry permanent warnings.

Gulf of Mexico
Tourism

Verify: Can access to a public Texas beach be restricted?

Under the Texas Open Beaches Act, the public has the free and unrestricted right to access Texas beaches. According to the Texas General Land Office, there may be some exceptions to this rule.

West Coast
Engineering

L.A. supervisors revise budget for Marina Beach improvement project

Costs for Marina del Rey redevelopment enterprise, which requires a few finishing touches, inches closer to $6 million.

Coastwide
Federal

Will Congress Find the Political Will to Fix Our Federal Flood Insurance System?

Major reforms are needed to the federal program that assesses flood risk, but Congress just punted — for the 11th time — on an opportunity to fix it.

International
Fisheries

New Brunswick fishers get $2 million to test gear to prevent whale entanglements

SHIPPAGAN, N.B. — Testing aimed at preventing North Atlantic right whales from becoming entangled in fishing gear got a boost Tuesday as Ottawa formally announced more than $2 million for snow crab fishermen in northern New Brunswick.

Hawaii & Alaska
Science

Second gray whale found dead this month, this time near Cordova

ANCHORAGE (KTUU) - A second gray whale has been found dead, making it the third whale found in just a few weeks in Alaska. This time the carcass was found near Cordova. At least 60 gray whales have been reported stranded dead along the west coast, during their spring migration from Mexico to Alaska. Of those necropsied, many were found to be skinny and malnourished.

International
Science

Ice sheet contributions to future sea-level rise from structured expert judgment

Future sea level rise (SLR) poses serious threats to the viability of coastal communities, but continues to be challenging to project using deterministic modeling approaches. Nonetheless, adaptation strategies urgently require quantification of future SLR uncertainties, particularly upper-end estimates.

Coastwide
Energy

It’s Tuesday, May 21, and corporate America might be coming around to climate regulations.

Corporations want a stable business climate, and climate chaos is bringing them anything but that. That’s why companies have issued a call for action on the climate crisis, including an economy-wide carbon pricing policy.

Caribbean
Science

For the fifth year in a row, a named storm has formed early in the Atlantic

Officially, of course, the Atlantic hurricane season does not begin until June 1.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

Arctic kelp forests: Expanding thanks to climate change

Underwater Arctic forests are expanding thanks to global warming. Karen Filbee-Dexter explores how these important ecosystems are changing with the climate

Mid-Atlantic
Science

Spatial Variability of Coastal Foredune Evolution, Part A: Timescales of Months to Years

In this study, two 50 m segments of dune on an intermediate beach were monitored monthly with a terrestrial lidar scanner. Topographic changes and vegetation coverage were quantified at high spatial resolution (0.1 m in the alongshore and cross-shore dimensions) and used to investigate dune response to a series of major tropical and extratropical storm events.

Southeast
Tourism

Crux of Visit Florida funding fight: Do you need to sell tourism in state?

After a pitched battle in Tallahassee over the importance of the public-private agency’s marketing efforts, state lawmakers slashed funding for Visit Florida to $50 million for the budget year that starts July 1, down from $76 million for the 2018-19 fiscal year.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

Baton Rouge’s Water Campus Attracts Researchers from Around the World

It is hoped that for firms with an interest in the water sector, the Water Campus will be a magnet for innovation and private-sector investment.

Arctic & Antarctica
Energy

Opinion: Canada must push for ban on Arctic shipping heavy fuel oil

As sea ice continues to melt, northern shipping is forecast to increase. A spill is a tragedy that can, and must, be averted.

International
Energy

Shell leverages offshore experience to tap growing wind energy market

Energy systems are changing around the world, as both public and private sectors seek sustainable energy sources that also reduce CO2 emissions. Shell, perhaps most known for its wide-ranging international oil and gas projects and developments, say that it is working to understand these shifting energy landscapes and offshore wind energy is a key component of this mix.

Mid-Atlantic
Tourism

Currituck sued over room tax revenue

CURRITUCK COUNTY, North Carolina — A Corolla civic group has filed suit against Currituck County, challenging more than $40 million the county has spent in occupancy tax revenue on projects and services since 2004.

West Coast
Advocacy

Coastal Commission Approves Public Access Map—With MRCA Input

The California Coastal Commission and the City of Malibu have finally come to an agreement after seven years of back and forth.

International
Engineering

Windships – Will There be a New Age of Sail?

The centuries-long Age of Sail met an abrupt end with the advent of the engine, the fuel for which has long been cheap, abundant, and, until recently, perceived as consequence free. Diesel has since ruled the ocean and global shipping.

Southeast
Property

Preparing low-income communities for hurricanes begins with outreach

Governments seeking to help their most vulnerable residents prepare for hurricanes and other disasters should create community-based information campaigns ahead of time, according to a Rutgers study of economically disadvantaged New Jerseyans in the areas hardest hit by Superstorm Sandy.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

Drilling the seabed below Earth's most powerful ocean current

The Antarctic Circumpolar Current is the planet's most powerful and arguably most important. It is the only one to flow clear around the globe without getting diverted by any landmass, sending up to 150 times the flow of all the world's rivers clockwise around the frozen continent.

International
Property

A Call for Action - Climate Change as a Source of Financial Risk

This report by the NGFS sets out climate change-related risks as a source of financial risk and outlines six recommendations, particularly for central banks and financial supervisors to take initial steps to ensure the stability of the financial system. The report aims to build knowledge in the main gaps of identifying, measuring and managing climate risks in the financial system.

Coastwide
Waterways

Peeking Inside the Anatomy of a Derelict Vessel

During National Safe Boating Week (May 18-24), NOAA’s Office of Response and Restoration is taking a closer look at the anatomy of abandoned and derelict vessels. In this first blog, take a peek at some of the hidden hazards of a sunken vessel.

Southeast
Tourism

13 mind-blowing facts about Florida's economy

Florida has one of the biggest economies in the United States. Two of its most famous industries include tourism and agriculture, which contribute to the state's $1 trillion GDP. Here are 13 surprising facts about Florida's economy.

Northeast
Engineering

This Sand Is Your Sand, This Sand Is Our Sand . . . New Brooklyn Bridge Beach Project May Go Forward

New York City -- A proposed Brooklyn Bridge Beach, for which the City’s Economic Development Corporation has accepted $12 million in funding, is still possible. The organization later ruled the project unsafe and announced its desire to spend the money on other proposals, but more recently indicated that it may be willing to implement a version of the plan.

Gulf of Mexico
Advocacy

Ocean Springs will build beach sidewalk after legal battle

OCEAN SPRINGS, Miss. (AP) - A city on the Mississippi Gulf Coast is moving ahead with plans to build a new sidewalk by a beach, after homeowners lost a legal battle to block the project.

Coastwide
Federal

5G will make weather forecasts worse, warns NOAA

Weather forecasts in the US could be in trouble, as the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) – the guys in charge of flogging off the wireless spectrum for the 5G network to be developed – are being warned by meteorologists that it could make weather reports around the world less accurate.

West Coast
Science

Gray whale deaths on West Coast may be linked to Arctic warmth

ANCHORAGE, Alaska (Reuters) - Dozens of gray whales have been found dead along the U.S. West Coast in recent weeks and some scientists believe the cause lies far to the north, in the heated-up Arctic waters off Alaska.

Irish Beaches in Co Donegal and Co Mayo lose blue flag status

IRELAND - Blue flag status is awarded to beaches and marinas that meet and maintain a number of stringent environmental, educational, safety and access-related criteria.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Bigger dunes, vegetation and sandbags keep N.C. Hwy. 12 from crumbling during storms

KITTY HAWK, N.C. (WAVY) - Bigger dunes, sand fences and vegetation are all part of keeping the beach, and NC Highway 12 in Kitty Hawk near the Black Pelican, from washing away, again.

Great Lakes
Engineering

Region goes back to the drawing board after state rejects funding to fight beach erosion

OGDEN DUNES, INDIANA - The Region lost out on $800,000 in sorely needed funding for an Army Corps of Engineers study on beach erosion, Executive Director of Indiana Dunes Tourism Lorelei Weimer told the Tourism Board at its meeting yesterday.

Southeast
Advocacy

Vilano residents object as county looks for savings on Army Corps project

Even though the county stands to make money in a project that also adds needed beach parking, there is still some collateral push-back.

Gulf of Mexico
Science

'Large to very large' Gulf of Mexico dead zone expected this year; Here's what caused it

Scientists are predicting a "large to very large" Gulf of Mexico dead zone this year. It may even wind up being the largest on record.

West Coast
Science

Strange, Tsunami-Like 'Tidal Event' In SF Bay Remains A Mystery

Though still unconfirmed on the cause, a bizarre oceanic event in the Bay could be a harbinger of strange things to come. What happened on January 20, 2019, in the San Francisco Bay was so rare and mysterious, that it has simply been called a "tidal event," as the Examiner reports.

Coastwide
Engineering

‘A Never-Ending Commitment’: The High Cost of Preserving Vulnerable Beaches

In the wake of hurricanes like Florence, the U.S. government pays to dump truckloads of sand onto eroding beaches, in a cycle that is said to harm ecosystems and disproportionately benefit the rich.

Great Lakes
Engineering

Lake Ontario's rising waters are sinking area businesses

High water has flooded docks, wrecked breakwalls, may discourage summer tourism

Mid-Atlantic
Energy

‘Hands’ events grow amid fear of offshore seismic tests

CARTERET COUNTY — At noon Saturday, environmentalists at Fort Macon State Park in Atlantic Beach and at Bogue Inlet Fishing Pier in Emerald Isle joined hands in a gesture of opposition to offshore oil and gas exploration and support for protecting the coastal environment.

Southeast
Waterways

Lake Okeechobee's lower level debated among stakeholders

OKEECHOBEE, Fla. (AP) — Lake Okeechobee is Florida's "Liquid Heart," and people who depend on it for irrigation, drinking water, recreation and their livelihoods are often in conflict on how to take care of it.

International
Fisheries

Insight: Scottish fishing industry fears radical measures to protect marine life

The fleet currently lacks regulation, with no quotas or limits on catch and no statutory tracking of smaller boats. But these statistics suggest stocks are struggling and could be approaching a cliff edge.

Gulf of Mexico
Waterways

Collier watershed restoration project seeks to reverse decades of damage

Florida - For decades, an extensive canal system dug to make way for development and farms in Collier County has altered historical water flows through the region’s two major watersheds and into its estuaries and bays.

Northeast
Energy

America's windiest spot looks to harness the ocean winds with some British help

A view of the Walney Extension offshore wind farm operated by Orsted off the coast of Blackpool, Britain, Sept. 5, 2018. Offshore wind in the United Kingdom is booming, approaching 10% of the electricity supply there. Credit: Phil Noble/Reuters

Southeast
Waterways

Using fertilizer and reclaimed water together wastes money and pollutes Indian River Lagoon

Florida - Everyone agrees: Using reuse water is a great thing. Everyone also agrees: Using it incorrectly can harm natural water bodies, including the Indian River Lagoon.

Gulf of Mexico
Energy

Freeport LNG Secures Federal Approval - the fourth LNG Export Facility License Issued by FERC this Year

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) reported Thursday that it has approved the construction of the Train 4 expansion at the Freeport LNG export facility, located on Quintana Island near Freeport, Texas.

Northeast
Advocacy

Goose Rocks Beach appeal before Maine’s highest court

KENNEBUNKPORT -- Nearly a decade after beachfront property owners filed a lawsuit against the town over their property rights at Goose Rocks Beach, the state’s highest court heard an appeal disputing a lower court ruling issued last year granting title rights to the town of Kennebunkport.

International
Fisheries

The Rising Tide of Sustainable Seafood

Despite its swift rise, the sustainable seafood movement’s work is far from done. To safeguard the future of fish, more seafood businesses must commit to sustainability, and consumers must be even more resolute in demanding a transparent seafood supply chain and supporting sustainability with every purchase.

Gulf of Mexico
Property

Louisiana Unveils Ambitious Plan to Help People Get Out of the Way of Climate Change

An incredibly well-done bit of writing and multi-media storytelling on the Louisiana coast from Bloomberg.

Mid-Atlantic
Advocacy

Town of Atlantic Beach enforces 1-hour paid parking spaces for the summer

ATLANTIC BEACH, N.C. (WNCT) - The town of Atlantic Beach has lowered the number of time visitors can park at designated zones.

Gulf of Mexico
Advocacy

Walton County, Florida works to expand beach accesses

SANTA ROSA BEACH — The Walton County Commission and its Tourist Development Council continue their aggressive push to provide access to public beaches.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Bogue Banks Dune Restorartion Projects Nearing Completion

Dune restoration project reaches closeout with 300,000 new plants installed

West Coast
Tourism

Santa Cruz County Tourism Hits $1 Billion For First Time Ever

SANTA CRUZ COUNTY, CA — For the first time in Santa Cruz County history, the tourism industry reached the $1 billion mark.

West Coast
Fisheries

West Coast rockfish population rebuild project a success, NOAA says

West Coast fishing communities earned millions of dollars from a trial program allowing fishermen to cash in on rebounding rockfish populations, NOAA announced last month.

International
Fisheries

Commentary: Updated fisheries law could stem loss of stocks, biodiversity: supporters

Paul Lansbergen says that beyond protecting fish stocks, law should protect ‘sustainable’ fishing rights

Coastwide
Science

Deep-Sea Tubeworms Discovered After Popping Out ‘Like a Jack in the Box,’ Surprising Scientist

Scientists investigating methane seeps on the ocean floor off North Carolina were in for a surprise—when a deep-sea tubeworm, never seen before in the region, popped out “like a jack in the box.”

Southeast
Energy

Interior: Nine seismic testing permits in process

Interior Secretary David Bernhardt told the U.S. House Natural Resources Committee that the federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management remains working on seismic airgun testing permits — a key prerequisite to offshore oil and gas drilling — while issues regarding the legality of the Trump administration’s offshore leasing plan work their way through the federal court system.

Southeast
Science

Manatee sightings in N.C. linked to recovery efforts in Florida

“Rare Manatee Seen in Outer Banks Marina” proclaimed a headline in a June 2018 edition of the Raleigh News & Observer. In recent years, reports of manatee sightings in North Carolina have become particularly notable not because of their rarity, but because of their increasing frequency.

Northeast
Science

Researchers start study of Great Marsh recovery

ROWLEY — The air was brisk Wednesday morning on Plum Island Estuary when Woods Hole Research Center biologists ventured by boat into a nearby section of the Great Marsh to examine its slow recovery from a decade-long controlled pollution experiment.

Southeast
Local

Pawleys Town Council continues search for funding strategies; beach renourishment moving forward

South Carolina - Officials in the Town of Pawleys Island say the latest beach renourishment project is on track and that crews should begin placing sand on the beach this fall.

Northeast
Energy

Connecticut House Green-Lights Offshore Wind Legislation

The Connecticut House of Representatives has approved legislation that would authorize the significant procurement of offshore wind in the state.

Coastwide
Federal

Lawmakers call for the release of $16B in disaster funds

A bipartisan group of coastal lawmakers are calling on the federal government to release $16 billion in disaster relief funding within 60 days.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

N. Breton Island to gain 53 acres for pelicans oiled in 2005 Hess spill

The map above shows the plan for using BP oil spill money to rebuild North Breton Island. On the right, the area in green is the 53 acres that would be slightly elevated and widened to provide brown pelican habitat with the $8.6 million from Hess Corp.