Science

Caribbean
Science

CR - Artificial Reefs Offer Hope for Recovery of Marine Life in Costa Rica

Puntarenas province, Costa Rica, Jan 13 (efe-epa).-Artificial coral reefs are proving key to the recovery of marine life in Costa Rica, helping to maintain a diversity of fish communities, prevent erosion and serve as part of a broader protective corridor.

International
Science

World - Research Reveals How Teeth Functioned and Evolved in Giant Mega-Sharks

A pioneering study by University of Bristol researchers finds that the evolution of teeth in the giant prehistoric shark Megalodon and its relatives was a by-product of becoming huge, rather than an adaptation to new feeding habits.

International
Science

World - New Study of Earth's Crust Shows Global Growth Spurt Three Billion Years Ago

Curtin University researchers have used ancient crystals from eroded rocks found in stream sediments in Greenland to successfully test the theory that portions of Earth's ancient crust acted as 'seeds' from which later generations of crust grew.

International
Science

World - 2020 Hurricanes Damage Vulnerable Mangroves

Central America experienced one of its most intense hurricane seasons in 2020.

Mid-Atlantic
Science

DE - Citizens Café to Address Climate Change Challenges Jan. 14

The challenges of climate change in coastal Delaware, as well as solutions and tools to better understand its impacts, will be the focus of the Delaware Center for the Inland Bays’ upcoming Citizens Advisory Committee Citizens Café, set for 6 p.m., Thursday, Jan. 14, via Zoom.

West Coast
Science

CA - Researchers Exploring How San Diego County Wetlands Can Be Part of Climate-Saving Strategies

Del Mar — Buried in San Diego County’s lagoons are centuries worth of carbon, cached in muddy stockpiles that scientists say could help combat climate change.

International
Science

World - Freshened Groundwater in the Sub-Seafloor

Scientists are using a variety of geochemical, geophysical, and numerical methods to study offshore freshened groundwater and better understand its role in the global water cycle.

International
Science

World - UK Signs Agreement With ICES Demonstrating Commitment to International Marine Science Collaboration

The government has set out its commitment to international marine and fisheries science by signing an agreement which will ensure continued partnership with the International Council of the Exploration of the Sea (ICES).

International
Science

World - Coral May Be More Resilient to Climate Change Than Feared

Some corals managed to survive a recent and globally unprecedented heatwave, according to new research.

International
Science

World - New coral species discovered on seabed prized for mining potential

JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - Three species of black coral have been discovered on the seabed of the northern Pacific Ocean, an area where several countries have contracts to explore for metals including cobalt and nickel as they race to find new supplies of the key battery elements.

Caribbean
Science

Caribbean - ‘Hail to the Queen’ - Saving the Caribbean Queen Conch

World’s Leading Expert on Queen Conch Aquaculture Publishes Step-by-step Manual to Culture and Restore the Queen Conch

Hawaii & Alaska
Science

HI - Kīlauea Volcano Update: Seven Acre Island of Solidified Lava Continues to Settle

A seven acre island of solidified lava is floating in the lava lake at Halemaʻumaʻu crater on Hawaiʻi Island. The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reports that the land mass continued to settle, mostly rotating counter-clockwise, in front of the west lava source that is filling the lake.

Hawaii & Alaska
Science

HI - A Hi-Tech Eye in the Sky Lays Bare Hawaiʻi's Living Coral Reefs

A team of researchers used an airborne mapping technique to survey living coral distribution across the main Hawaiian archipelago.

International
Science

WA - Marine and Coastal Research Laboratory-Past, Present, Future

The coastal setting around Sequim Bay has always been a special place with distinctive people.

International
Science

World - How to Identify Heat-Stressed Corals: 'Coral Hospital' Tool Could Help Safeguard Reefs Facing Climate Change

Researchers have found a novel way to identify heat-stressed corals, which could help scientists pinpoint the coral species that need protection from warming ocean waters linked to climate change, according to a Rutgers-led study.

International
Science

World - Op-Ed: The Pacific Ocean's Ecology Is Under Threat

The Pacific Ocean is the deepest, largest ocean on Earth, covering about a third of the globe’s surface.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Whales Are Finally Returning to Our Planet's Polar Regions After 40 Years

The bleak history of whaling pushed many species to the brink of extinction, even in the remote waters of the North and South Poles.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Scientists Find the Error Source of a Sea-Ice Model Varies With the Season

Arctic sea ice has been rapidly declining in recent decades, and changes in arctic sea ice can have a significant impact on global weather and climate through interactions with the atmosphere and oceans.

International
Science

World - Life Discovered in Deep Ocean Sediments at Temperatures Above Water’s Boiling Point

An international research team that included three scientists from the University of Rhode Island’s Graduate School of Oceanography has discovered single-celled microorganisms in a location where they didn’t expect to find them.

International
Science

Scientists Discover a New Species of a Gelatinous Creature that Lives Deep in the Sea

It was identified solely by high-definition footage captured at the bottom of the ocean.

International
Science

GL - Shrinking Margins of Greenland

A recent study of Greenland’s ice sheet found that glaciers are retreating in nearly every sector of the island, while also undergoing other physical changes. Some of those changes are causing the rerouting of freshwater rivers beneath the ice.

International
Science

World - Amazing Earth: Satellite Images From 2020

In the vastness of the universe, the life-bringing beauty of our home planet shines bright.

West Coast
Science

CA - Study Documents Decline of California Sea Turtles

The number of leatherback turtles that feed in central California waters has declined by 80% during the last two decades, according to new research released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Moss Landing Marine Laboratories.

International
Science

World - Massive, Unrivalled Deep-Sea Project Just Discovered a Bunch of New Atlantic Species

It's taken nearly five years, 45 research expeditions, and more than 80 scientists and students, but the largest oceanic research enterprise, the ATLAS project, is officially complete.

International
Science

NZ - Rising Ocean Temperatures Mean More Jellyfish Blooms This Summer — NIWA

Rising ocean temperatures will likely mean more jellyfish blooms in New Zealand this summer, NIWA says.

International
Science

World - Fatal Freshwater Skin Disease in Dolphins Linked to Climate Crisis

Researchers report affected animals off the coasts of the US, South America and Australia

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Huge Methane Cache Beneath Arctic Could Be Unlocked by the Moon

The moon could be affecting how much methane is released from the Arctic Ocean seafloor, a new study finds.

International
Science

China - New Research Makes Strong Case for Restoring Hong Kong's Lost Oyster Reefs

Seven square meters of a HK oyster reef can filter up to one Olympic swimming pool of water in a single day

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Warming Arctic, Heating Tensions

The Arctic has a long history of industrial and commercial activities. Here’s how climate change is affecting its ecosystem, resource management tools and security politics.

International
Science

World - Scientists Warn: Ice Sheet Uncertainties Could Mean Sea Level Will Rise More Than Predicted

Sea level could rise higher than current estimates by 2100 if climate change is unchallenged, according to a new assessment.

International
Science

AUS - WA Coastline Facing Marine Heatwave in Early 2021, CSIRO Predicts

Exclusive: Ocean temperatures to peak at about 1C above average in April, according to forecast, threatening marine life and coral

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - A Bold Request as Climate Change Ravages the Arctic

According to the 2020 Arctic Report Card released by NOAA in December, things are pretty bad.

International
Science

MED - A Scientific Project Studies the Pollution Pathways of the Mediterranean Coastal Lagoons

Researchers from the ICTA-UAB and the UPCT will analyze the entry routes of nutrients, trace metals and pollutants caused by human activity into the Mar Menor

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - 2020 Arctic Report Card: Sea Ice Loss, Extreme Wildfires

NOAA’s 2020 Arctic Report Card describes a region that is warming even more rapidly than scientists expected.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ANT - A Research Mission to Determine the Impact of the Biggest a-68a Iceberg

The FINANCIAL -- A research mission to determine the impact of the giant A-68a iceberg on one of the world’s most important ecosystems gets underway next month.

Southeast
Science

FL - 'Blue Carbon' Could Help Preserve Volusia, Flagler, St Johns Fragile Coastal Ecosystems

Daytona Beach is synonymous with its wide, flat expanse of beach meeting the waves of the Atlantic, and landward, the marshes of the Intracoastal Waterway, the vibrant Mosquito Lagoon, and the palm-lined Tomoka River.

International
Science

World - Why boss octopuses punch fish

Octopuses are known to “punch” fish to keep them in line as hunting partners, but a research team has observed them lashing out from what they think could simply be spite.

International
Science

Australia - Coastal ecosystems 'bright spots'

CSIRO, Australia's national science agency, has identified coastal 'bright spots' to repair marine ecosystems globally, paving the way to boost biodiversity, local economies and human wellbeing.

Northeast
Science

NY - More Than Half of Hudson River Tidal Marshes Were Created Accidentally by Humans

In a new study of tidal marsh resilience to sea level rise, geologist and first author Brian Yellen at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and colleagues observed that Hudson River Estuary marshes are growing upward at a rate two to three times faster than sea level rise, "suggesting that they should be resilient to accelerated sea level rise in the future," he says.

Northeast
Science

RI - Scientists Create Models to Simulate Narragansett Bay's Changing Food Web

A team of scientists at the University of Rhode Island is creating a series of computer models of the food web of Narragansett Bay to simulate how the ecosystem will respond to changes in environmental conditions and human uses.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Frozen Arctic Soils Set to Release Vast Amounts of Greenhouse Gases

Frozen Arctic soils are set to release vast amounts of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere as they continue to thaw in coming decades.

International
Science

World - The Top Ten Ocean Stories of 2020

From the discovery of a giant coral reef pinnacle to a shocking estimate of plastics on the seafloor, these were the biggest marine moments of the year

International
Science

GRL - Greenland 'Knickpoints' Could Stall Spread of Glacial Thinning

The jagged terrain of Greenland's mountains is protecting some of the island's outlet glaciers from warm coastal waters, according to a team of researchers that included scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and NASA.

International
Science

World - Murky Ocean Impacts From COVID-19 Emissions Reductions

As the COVID-19 pandemic took hold in the first half of 2020, the lack of human activity around the world resulted in a 9% drop in the greenhouse gas emissions at the root of climate change.

Gulf of Mexico
Science

LA - LSU Research Explores How Coastal Changes Affect Wildlife

The LSU AgCenter has announced publication of research aimed at helping coastal planners predict the results of flood protection and wetland restoration on coastal wildlife.

International
Science

World - Eclipse From Space: NASA-NOAA Satellite Captures 2020's Only Solar Eclipse

What does a total solar eclipse look like from space? A satellite also watched Monday's event and captured stunning views of the phenomenon.

Caribbean
Science

Caribbean - The Nature Conservancy Publishes First-Ever Detailed Maps of All Caribbean Coral Reefs

The Nature Conservancy (TNC), one of the world’s leading conservation organizations, along with partners, published detailed maps of important shallow underwater habitats throughout the entire Caribbean – including all shallow water coral reefs.

International
Science

AUS - Coral IVF Trial Offers Hope of Renewal for Australia's Great Barrier Reef

SYDNEY (Reuters) - Coral populations from Australia's first "Coral IVF" trial on the Great Barrier Reef in 2016 have not only survived recent bleaching events, but are on track to reproduce and spawn next year, researchers say.

International
Science

World - Mangroves Lock Away Carbon

High levels of dissolved calcium carbonate present in their bedrock indicate that Red Sea mangroves are capable of removing more carbon than previously thought, KAUST researchers have found.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - NOAA Report Card: Arctic Is Having More and More Warming Difficulties

Continuing rapid changes in the Arctic climate, with later fall freeze-ups and less sea-ice thickness and extent, set stage for challenging times to come.

International
Science

World - Ocean Planning for Species on the Move Provides Substantial Benefits and Requires Few Trade-Offs

Societies increasingly use multisector ocean planning as a tool to mitigate conflicts over space in the sea, but such plans can be highly sensitive to species redistribution driven by climate change or other factors.

International
Science

World - Crucial Ocean Research Disrupted by Pandemic Has Both Immediate and Long-Term Impact

Trips by research vessels have been cancelled, maintenance of instruments in ocean has been limited

Northeast
Science

MA - Right Whale Consortium Releases 2020 Report Card Update

356 whales. That’s all scientists believe remains of the iconic North Atlantic right whales.

Southeast
Science

FL - Signs warn of potentially toxic blue-green algae in the Indian River Lagoon

Posted signs warned of possible toxic water as more foam and fish floated up in Cocoa Friday, hinting at another round of foul fallout from an ongoing algae bloom in the Indian River Lagoon that has scientists and residents wondering what's next.

West Coast
Science

OR - Sea star listed as critically endangered following research by Oregon State University

CORVALLIS, Ore. - The iconic sunflower sea star has been listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature following a groundbreaking population study led by Oregon State University and The Nature Conservancy.

International
Science

World - European-US Sea Level Tracking Satellite Sends 1st Readings

PASADENA, Calif. (AP) — A newly launched European-U.S. satellite designed to continue a decades-long record of tracking global sea levels has sent back its first measurements, NASA said Thursday.

International
Science

World - Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Reveals Upgrades to Human Occupied Vehicle Alvin Submarine

One of the world’s most prolific research submersibles will put 99% of the ocean floor within reach of science community when it relaunches in 2021

Southeast
Science

FL - How Seaweed-Munching Crabs Could Help Save Coral Reefs

Coral reefs are facing a steep decline today for many reasons, including climate change, overfishing, pollution, disease, and more.

International
Science

World - From Permafrost Microbes to Survivor Songbirds – Research Projects Are Also Victims of COVID-19 Pandemic

What do you do when COVID-19 safety protocols and travel restrictions mean you can’t do your research? That’s what these three scientists have had to figure out this year, as the global pandemic has kept them from their fieldwork.

Coastwide
Science

USA - Visually Exploring the Deep Sea Using Free and Open Source Software

A new data visualization of deep sea life and topography has been created by NCCOS’ GIS Analyst, graduate student, and musical composer, Will Sautter.

Caribbean
Science

USVI - Coral Assessment and Restoration Results Released for U.S. Caribbean After 2017 Hurricanes

In September 2017, major hurricanes Irma and Maria impacted Puerto Rico (PR) and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) and caused considerable damage to shallow coral reefs. A newly released NOAA report summarizes assessments and restoration efforts in PR and the USVI.

International
Science

World - Sea Rays Could Help Map Ocean Floor

Researchers in Japan have completed a feasibility study indicating that electric rays and stingrays, equipped with pingers, will be able to map the seabed through natural exploration.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Dramatic Transformation of the Arctic Landscape May Be Permanent

From vanishing sea ice to blistering air temperatures to zombie fires, climate change is reshaping the Arctic.

Hawaii & Alaska
Science

AK - An Enormous Supervolcano May Be Hiding Under Alaskan Islands

A geologic game of connect the dots reveals hints of a giant undersea crater

International
Science

World - Methane in Tidal Marshes

A pair of University of Delaware researchers were studying "blue carbon"—the carbon stored in coastal ecosystems such as mangrove forests, salt marshes or sea grasses—when they found something no one expected to see in a salt marsh: large quantities of methane in the soil.

International
Science

World - Marine Ecosystems: No Refuge From the Heat

Over the past several decades, marine protected areas (MPAs) have emerged as a favored conservation tool. By protecting marine species and safeguarding habitat, these reserves help buffer ecosystems against natural and human-made shocks alike.

International
Science

World - The Atlantic: The Driving Force Behind Ocean Circulation and Our Taste for Cod

“Did the Atlantic close and then reopen?” That was the question posed in a 1966 paper by the Canadian geophysicist J. Tuzo Wilson.

International
Science

World - New Report Details Links Between Widespread Ocean Pollution and Human Health Risks

Researchers from Boston College's Global Observatory on Pollution and Health led international coalition of scientists

International
Science

World - Supermoons Carve Away at Sandy Beaches by Commandeering the Tides

A quarter century of shoreline measurements show that the supermoon’s gravitational force drives more erosion.

Northeast
Science

NJ - Study Proves Bits of DNA in Seawater Correlate to the Weight of Netted Fish

Humanity is a step closer to answering one of the most ancient of questions—"how many fish in the sea?"—thanks to newly-published proof that the amount of fish DNA collected in a water sample closely corresponds to kilos of fish captured in a trawl with nets.

International
Science

World - Incredible Vision in Ancient Marine Creatures Drove an Evolutionary Arms Race

Ancient deep sea creatures called radiodonts had incredible vision that likely drove an evolutionary arms race according to new research published today.

West Coast
Science

CA - California Partners With NASA for Climate Change Data

A new partnership with Pasadena-based Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA JPL) will help state agencies better understand climate change impacts and identify opportunities to build resilience, conserve biodiversity and use California’s natural and working lands to store and remove carbon from the atmosphere.

International
Science

World - Geoscientists Use Zircon to Trace Origin of Earth's Continents

Geoscientists have long known that some parts of the continents formed in the Earth's deep past, but the speed in which land rose above global seas -- and the exact shapes that land masses formed -- have so far eluded experts.

West Coast
Science

CA - San Diego Coastal Marshes May Become Important Tools to Battle Climate Change

Matthew Costa stepped gingerly into a little pocket wetland near the Del Mar Fairgrounds. The squishy salt marsh is more than just a patch of habitat in the intertidal zone.

Mid-Atlantic
Science

VA - U.Va. Researchers Successfully Restore Marine Seagrass Meadows off Virginia's Eastern Shore

Environmental scientists monitored and restored seagrass meadows off Virginia’s eastern coast while investigating their impact on the marine ecosystem

Caribbean
Science

Caribbean Coral Reefs Under Siege From Aggressive Algae

An aggressive, golden-brown, crust-like alga is rapidly overgrowing shallow reefs, taking the place of coral that was damaged by extreme storms and exacerbating the damage caused by human activity

International
Science

World - Acidifying Oceans Could Get Help from Kelp

Forests of fast-growing kelp influence the chemistry of the water in which they live. A new study evaluates their potential to ameliorate ocean acidification in sensitive coastal ecosystems.

International
Science

World - UN to Issue First-Ever Global Report on Harmful Algal Blooms

After 7 years' work, 100+ experts in 112 countries deliver 1st global assessment of HABs, synthesizing three decades of data

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ANT - How Stable Is the Antarctic Ice Sheet?

Scientists investigate which factors determine the stability of ice masses in East Antarctica

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Beautiful Yet Unnerving Photos of the Arctic Getting Greener

Using tricked-out drones, scientists are watching vegetation boom in the far north. Their findings could have big implications for the whole planet.

International
Science

World - Our Ocean Floor Remains Largely Undiscovered - These Are the Countries Changing That

Despite our knowledge of the land we live on and the technology available to us, very little of the ocean floor has actually been mapped in detail.

International
Science

AUS - Cooling La Niña May Not Save Great Barrier Reef From Mass Coral Bleaching, Experts Warn

With the world 1C warmer, modelling shows there is still a risk of corals bleaching from heat stress this summer

Hawaii & Alaska
Science

HI - Marine Electrical Imaging Reveals Novel Freshwater Transport Mechanism in Hawai'i

Conventional hydrogeologic framework models used to compute ocean island sustainable yields and aquifer storage neglect the complexity of the nearshore and offshore submarine environment.

Arctic & Antarctica
Science

ARC - Witnessing Ice Habitat Collapse in the Arctic

Over a 2-day period at the end of July 2020, the Milne Ice Shelf underwent fracturing and collapse, losing 43% of its vast expanse as ice islands calved into the Arctic Ocean.

West Coast
Science

CA - Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute Awarded $53M to Continue Exploring Ocean Health

The central coast has become a popular travel spot for humans and a migration hotspot for marine life.