Engineering

Great Lakes
Engineering

ILL - How bitter cold winter blasts and a warming planet will chew up the Lake Michigan shoreline, faster and faster

On a tucked-away South Shore beach, there once were cool shallows to swim and buried shells to dig up. For those living feet away, there was the sound of the water, the constant, gentle splash on sand.

International
Engineering

Maldives tries to fight the impact of climate change

The tropical Maldives may lose entire islands unless it can quickly access cheap financing to fight the impact of climate change, its foreign minister said.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - Kitty Hawk agrees to proposal for post-Dorian beach survey and analysis

Kitty Hawk town council members met on Monday, Jan. 6. Their agenda included an agreement with APTIM regarding a post-hurricane beach profile survey and a discussion of the newly planned library for Southern Shores.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

VA - Lawmakers push for federal study to include sea-level rise in Hampton Roads

WASHINGTON, DC (WAVY) — Two U.S. senators and one House representative from Virginia are pushing for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to include sea-level rise in its Fiscal Year 2020 Work Plan.

Southeast
Engineering

GA - Coastal Resources Division to host presentation on coastal resiliency

The Coastal Resources Division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources invites the public to attend a presentation on coastal resiliency at noon Jan. 28.

Northeast
Engineering

NY - Stantec wins Manhattan coastal resilience project

Stantec has been picked as lead designer for the Battery coastal resilience project in Lower Manhattan in New York, USA.

Northeast
Engineering

CN - Army Corps of Engineers Proposes Plan for New Haven Flooding

The area had damaging flooding from Superstorm Sandy and Tropical Storm Irene, and such storms are expected occur more often, said the report. Sea level over the next 50 years is expected to rise 0.4-3.2 feet in New Haven.

Northeast
Engineering

MA - City Dock plan delivered to Annapolis council, might require 1% hotel tax increase

The City Dock Action Committee presented its final report Tuesday to the Annapolis City Council, offering new details on a project that would remake the downtown area and how supporters plan to pay the estimated $50 million price tag.

Northeast
Engineering

The $119 Billion Sea Wall That Could Defend New York … or Not

A six-mile-long barrier would help protect the city from floodwaters during fierce storms like Sandy, but critics say rising seas make the option inadequate.

Southeast
Engineering

FL - Miami Beach renourishment underway: $16 million federal project to address areas in north and mid beaches

Over the next six months, four erosion “hot spots” on Miami Beach will be replenished with sand from central Florida. The $16 million federally-funded project started this past week around 64th Street. According to Mayor Dan Gelber, this first phase will run from January through March.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - Beach renourishment: A necessary evil

Coming soon to our Manasota Key beaches: The Gulf of Mexico. Like it or not, if we don’t add more sand periodically, our beachfront homes and condos will fall into the Gulf. I’m not talking about any sea level changes or global warming here — just the normal course of shifting sands. I can’t say beach renourishment is good, but I understand it’s necessary because we built on migrating barrier islands. These islands aren’t stable. They never have been. The beaches will always be temporary.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

VA - Here’s why the sand at Buckroe Beach is darker and littered

Hampton’s Public Works Department saved taxpayers more than $100,000 by replenishing Buckroe Beach with dredged sand from Indian Creek…but not all were impressed.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - Sand can't come quick enough for homeowners

The sand so many Manasota Key beachfront homeowners have been waiting for may be on its way soon.

Northeast
Engineering

MA - Studies, Consultations Offer Encouragement For Nauset Dredging Project

Recent studies of sediment types and shellfish resources, and preliminary consultations with regulatory agencies, have not dredged up any issues that would stall efforts to improve navigation in Nauset Estuary, a stakeholder group learned Monday.

Southeast
Engineering

FL- Rising sea levels pose threat to KSC

Anthropogenic climate change and its associated rise in sea levels could prove a significant threat to some of the world’s iconic coastal space launch sites, including Florida’s Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - Bogue Banks Project ‘A Go’ for February

EMERALD ISLE — Bogue Banks’ next beach nourishment project is ready to roll, with dredging and pumping of sand set to begin the first week of February, a little earlier than originally planned.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers announces additional $281.5 million for Resiliency Projects in NC

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) announced that they will use an estimated $281.5 million provided in the Construction account to construct two flood and storm damage reduction projects in North Carolina – Surf City and North Topsail Beach, North Carolina, and Carteret County (Bogue Banks).

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - There’s never been federal funding available for these 2 NC beaches. Until now.

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers will use money from a disaster bill to provide long-awaited federal funding for a pair of North Carolina beach nourishment projects, according to a release from U.S. Sens. Richard Burr and Thom Tillis.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - High Tides, Rising Sea Levels Worry Coastal NC Residents

Coastal towns braced for the first high tide of the year this past weekend, and many small-business owners say they have adapted to what is becoming the "new norm" of increased flooding during high tides and more frequent extreme weather due to climate change.

Northeast
Engineering

MA - Construction Rubble Makes New Habitat Off Coast of Yarmouth

What does a pile of construction rubble have to do with fish? When old concrete gets put on the ocean floor, it goes from trash to habitat. Workers did just that to an artificial reef two miles off the coast of Yarmouth last week; they dumped pieces of granite and concrete to expand a reef that was built in the 1970s. WCAI's Kathryn Eident talked with biologist Mark Rousseau of the state's Division of Marine Fisheries (DMF)about how his office manages artificial reefs like this one.

Coastwide
Engineering

How Cities are Using Architecture to Combat Flooding

Forty percent of the human population lives within 100 kilometers of a coastline, with one in ten living under ten meters above sea level. As climate change induces more volatile flooding events and long-term sea level rises, it is estimated that coastal flooding could cause as much as $1 trillion of damage per year by 2050. We cannot escape the reality that cities, and their populations, are more vulnerable to flooding than ever.

Southeast
Engineering

GA - $13.8M beach renourishment underway on Georgia coast

A project to repair erosion to Georgia’s largest public beach is underway east of Savannah.

Great Lakes
Engineering

MI - Army Corps warns of another rise in Great Lakes levels after record year

DETROIT — Water levels on all of the Great Lakes are higher this month than they started in 2019, the year record levels were set on the waterways, the Army Corps of Engineers announced this week.

International
Engineering

India - Geotubes Not A Viable Option To Fight Sea Erosion

Bhubaneswar: Recently a portion of the geo-synthetic tube wall erected at Kendrapara’s Pentha village to combat sea erosion was damaged in a fire. Media reports suggest that 30 gabion boxes of the wall that is made up of water-permeable geo-textile tubes filled with sand slurry were gutted in the mishap.

Northeast
Engineering

NY - Southhampton Trustees OK use of geocubes to combat erosion at East Quogue condos

In December, a coastal geologist, on behalf the Round Dune condominium development in East Quogue, demanded that the Southampton Town Trustees take emergency action to allow his client to install a hardened structure to protect the complex’s four buildings from falling into the ocean.

International
Engineering

UK - Moving cliff barriers among permanent safety changes considered to cope with coastal erosion

Council bosses are pushing forward with plans to improve public safety along areas of crumbling coastline in South Shields.

Southeast
Engineering

FL - Destruction at Jupiter lighthouse shoreline could restrict access, close trail segment

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management is warning that continued misbehavior on the shoreline east of the Jupiter Inlet Lighthouse could result in restricted access to the area and the closing of part of its trail. The BLM reported a wave of misdeeds over the holiday season.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - Beach project is a 'go' for first week of February

EMERALD ISLE — Bogue Banks’ next beach nourishment project is ready to roll, with dredging and pumping of sand set to begin the first week of February, a little earlier than originally planned.

Southeast
Engineering

FL - Excavated dune in St. Augustine infuriates neighbors but is legal according to state regulators

This is not the first time the homeowners bulldozed part of the dune, but it is the first time they have the blessing of the Department of Environmental Protection.

Southeast
Engineering

SC - First phase of Pawleys Island beach renourishment nears completion

PAWLEYS ISLAND, S.C. (WMBF) – A multi-million dollar beach renourishment project in Pawleys Island could be entering its second phase soon.

Southeast
Engineering

FL - Surprise! Local counties face unexpected beach erosion costs

My wife's best friend is in town, and we were going to take her over to Bathtub Beach. It's such a little gem, the kind of place you take guests as a way of showing off where you live.

Hawaii & Alaska
Engineering

HI - ESCAPE FROM COASTAL ROADS IS NOT NECESSARY

On Oahu, more than half of the sandy beaches are now subject to chronic erosion, making stretches of coastal roads vulnerable to crumbling and collapse.

Great Lakes
Engineering

MN - Duluth prepares to make hardened shoreline its top legislative priority

In light of the repeated lashing Duluth's waterfront has taken in recent years, it should come as no surprise that Mayor Emily Larson's chief objective in the coming legislative session will be to seek $13.5 million in state bonding funds to shore up the city's coastal infrastructure.

Hawaii & Alaska
Engineering

HI - Low-Lying Islands At The Forefront Of Climate Change

Our planning for rising sea levels must consider vulnerable communities in the Pacific.

Coastwide
Engineering

USA - Long-Term Plans: To Build for Resilience, We’ll Need to Design With—Not Against—Nature

Moving away from its early exclusive focus on natural disasters, resilient architecture and design tackles the much tougher challenge of helping ecosystems regenerate.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

‘Make or break moment.’ Tampa Bay leaders hold climate change summit

The first Tampa Bay Regional Resiliency Coalition Leadership Summit kicked off Tuesday. Local officials were there, and so was Florida’s new Chief Resilience Officer.

International
Engineering

Singapore’s climate change plan needs more ambition

The island nation is looking to update its climate pledge under the Paris Agreement. A bold pledge is necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

International
Engineering

UK - New beach scheme to protect against floods

AN extra foot of seawall and more sand are needed to protect a stretch of coast from flooding

International
Engineering

UK - DRONE VIDEO: Road closed and caravans moved after cliff collapse

A beach access road has been temporarily closed following a cliff collapse on the north Norfolk coast.

Coastwide
Engineering

Trump’s Move Against Landmark Environmental Law Caps a Relentless Agenda

President Trump on Thursday capped a three-year drive to roll back clean air and water protections by proposing stark changes to the nation’s oldest and most established environmental law that could exempt major infrastructure projects from environmental review.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - Parish officials support states planned coastal spending

Few residents offered their thoughts on the spending plan for the state’s agency charged with restoring the coast and building storm protection.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - ‘They can persist:’ Nicholls growing rare species for coastal restoration

Since 2006, Nicholls Farm has become a haven to preserve native trees and other plants that have either disappeared from Louisiana or grow in areas threatened by coastal erosion.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - County readies for beach renourishment in 2020

Anna Maria Island’s beaches wouldn’t be so impressive without a little bit of help. The sandy shores people know and love in Anna Maria, Bradenton Beach and Holmes Beach are the product of a noisy necessity: beach renourishment.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - Preparations Underway for Manasota Key Beach Renourishment

The preparation activities for the Manasota Key Beach Renourishment Project, to be conducted by Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Corporation (GLDD), are currently underway.

International
Engineering

To avert future flood chaos, Indonesian capital urged to defend nature

Rapid urbanisation has led to forest loss, while groundwater extraction is causing the coastal city to sink as sea levels rise - a dangerous cocktail that is worsening floods

West Coast
Engineering

The Colorado River is overcommitted – here’s how that happened

In the early years of the 20th century, leaders across the West had big dreams for growth, all of which were tied to taking water from the Colorado River and moving it across mountains and deserts.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - Marine Labs on the Water’s Edge Are Threatened by Climate Change

A marine laboratory 85 miles southwest of New Orleans was designed to be a fortress against extreme weather. But it might be defeated by climate change.

Northeast
Engineering

NY - Federal Help On The Way For Storm-Ravaged Dune Road

"This is an urgent situation along Dune Road affecting our community's small businesses and jobs."

Pacific Northwest
Engineering

OR - King tides offer a taste of sea level rise

King tides will once again hit the Oregon Coast this weekend, giving residents a taste of what life could be like in the near future.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - Two Lafourche restoration projects may move forward

Money to push two marsh restoration projects in Lafourche Parish may move forward at the end of the month.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - Mid-Barataria Sediment Diversion could create, save 47 square miles of land over 50 years

The massive proposed $1.4 billion Mid-Barataria Sediment Diversion, a few miles downriver from New Orleans, could create or save from erosion as much as 47 square miles of land and wetlands in Barataria Bay over its first 50 years, new computer modeling shows.

West Coast
Engineering

CA - San Francisco will spend $150 million to save a giant sewer pipe

Circa-1896 Lake Merced Tunnel is critical to the city’s plumbing—and in danger from climate change

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - Off shore sand might start pumping mid-February on Manasota Key

Thanks to a permit delivered Christmas eve, residents of Manasota Key may see equipment for beach renourishment in about two weeks. Charlotte County Project Manager Matt Logan updated the Beaches and Shores Advisory Committee on the massive two-county project Thursday. Construction could begin in mid-February, Logan said.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NC - State Prioritizes Resiliency, Mitigation in 2019

On the first Saturday afternoon in September, crews were cutting their way through broken pines and restringing the electric lines leading to Dare County Regional Airport on the northern end of Roanoke Island.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

TX - $75M allocated for comprehensive watershed study

Flood waters from a ditch running under FM 1416 in Newton County rush onto an abandoned property in Newton County Friday. Many residents of a Bon Wier neighborhood known as "The Hole" evacuated Thursday as rising waters quickly flooded the area, nearing entry levels at some elevated homes. Heavy rainfall and the opening of the dams at Toledo Bend have swelled the Sabine River, area creeks and ditches and is expected to rise further through the weekend. Photo taken Friday, March 30, 2018 Kim Brent/The Enterprise

Coastwide
Engineering

Behind the Buzzword: A Brief History of Energy ‘Resiliency’

The energy industry has overcome many “resiliency” challenges. Climate change is the biggest one yet, the author writes.

International
Engineering

Floods Inundate Sinking Jakarta, Leaving 16 Dead After Torrential Rain

Thousands left homeless, highlighting plight of Indonesia’s capital of 30 million as one of fastest-slumping megacities, already 40% below sea level

Great Lakes
Engineering

MI - Michigan Saw Impacts of Climate Change in 2019, Including Record Great Lakes Water Levels

The United Nations annual climate talks in Madrid, Spain ended with a general call for greater efforts to tackle climate change, but no agreement on concrete steps to reduce global warming. The meetings capped a year in which the effects of climate change became more apparent around the world and the Great Lakes.

International
Engineering

Harnessing Nature's Defenses Against Tsunamis

As sea levels rise and adverse weather events become more common, vulnerable coastal communities are at increasing risk of devastation from storm surges and tsunamis. The death toll from tsunamis, at 260,000 during the past century, was higher than that from any other natural hazard. An international research team led by the University of Göttingen has now compared the effects of man-made and ecosystem protection to propose a hybrid approach including mangroves and coral reefs in coastal protection plans for tropical biodiversity hotspots. The results were published in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution.

Southeast
Engineering

FL - St. Johns County needs permission from homeowners by Tuesday to start beach renourishment project

Tuesday, Dec. 31 is an important deadline in the $144 million beach renourishment project for St. Johns County.

Northeast
Engineering

NY - Cuomo vetoes legislation aimed at further protecting Jamaica Bay

Legislation from two Queens lawmakers aimed at further protecting Jamaica Bay was struck down by Governor Andrew Cuomo’s veto pen on Dec. 27.

Coastwide
Engineering

Yale: What is climate change adaptation, and why does it matter?

Some climate change is now inevitable. Many communities are trying to adapt to the consequences.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - From the BP Spill to a Disappearing Island: A Decade of Covering Climate and the Environment in Louisiana

What happens in Louisiana doesn’t stay in Louisiana. The state's role in the oil and gas industry impacts both global markets and global climate change. It’s also on the front line of climate change impacts due to sea level rise and is vulnerable to storm systems intensified by global warming. Here is a selection of photos from a decade of my coverage of environmental issues in Louisiana.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

LA - CPRA Releases 2019 Year in Review Highlighting Agency Accomplishments in Coastal Protection and Restoration

The Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA) has released its 2019 Year in Review outlining the agency’s accomplishments in coastal protection and restoration.

West Coast
Engineering

CA - Newport Beach considering digging a Confined Aquatic Disposal for dredging of the lower bay

The plan will include where to put about 100,000 cubic yards of sediment unsuitable for ocean disposal.

Southeast
Engineering

FL - Ponte Vedra Beach homeowners turn to geotubes to protect properties, but some raise concerns

Beach erosion in St. Johns County has been an issue for decades. Made worse by hurricanes, nor’easters and sea level rise, oceanfront homeowners have watched as the once-wide beaches continue to narrow and threaten their homes.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - Sarasota County, City battle over Lido Beach building plan

The plan to renourish the highly eroded Lido Key shoreline with sand dredged from Big Pass has faced years of court challenges primarily from opponents on Siesta Key. Now that the plan is slated to finally move forward, Sarasota County is balking at the request to use Ted Sperling on South Lido Key as a staging area for the project.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

FL - Manasota Key Beach residents decry cost of beach renourishment

Now that the Manasota Key Beach renourishment project is split in two, some residents may have to pay a heavier burden of the cost

West Coast
Engineering

CA - San Clemente Finalizes Sea Level Rise Report in hopes of establishing a Coastal Program

San Clemente has sent a report of its areas most vulnerable to beach erosion to the California Coastal Commission in hopes of establishing a Local Coastal Program, which would allow the city to begin taking measures such as beach nourishment to combat the rising sea levels affecting its beaches.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

AL: Orange Beach using Christmas trees for dune restoration

Are you looking to dispose of your Christmas tree in a unique way? The City of Orange Beach is asking residents to place their trees on the curb over the next week. Be sure you remove all of the decorations and lights before you leave it out for pickup.

Great Lakes
Engineering

MI: Crews to begin dredging Lake Superior harbor to support fish

Crews were expected to start removing more copper mining waste rock known as stamp sands that have built up in an Upper Peninsula waterway and threaten an important fish spawning area, according to state officials.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

Mississippi Coast cities, counties sue Army Corps over Bonnet Carré as new threat looms

Mississippi Coast localities and two associations have filed a federal lawsuit against the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Mississippi River Commission to protect coastal waters from future damage caused by Mississippi River water pouring from the Bonnet Carré Spillway.

West Coast
Engineering

The Precarious Future of Treasure Island: Rising Seas and Sinking Land

Treasure Island is a man-made polygon of 400 acres constructed by engineers on a shallow reef in the middle of San Francisco Bay.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Project to improve reliability of electric service to Ocracoke Island begins in January

Cape Hatteras National Seashore has issued a special use permit to Tideland Electric Membership Corporation for a project that will improve the reliability of electric service to Ocracoke Island by replacing an overhead pole line with an underground cable along Pole Road in Hatteras. The project is expected to begin in January 2020.

International
Engineering

7,000-year-old wall against sea level rise uncovered on Carmel Coast

The researchers cautioned that the fate of 7,000-year-old Tel Hreiz should represent a warning for present-day humans.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Topsail Beach, Holden Beach receive more storm restoration funding

The State of North Carolina and FEMA on Wednesday announced more than $30 million total headed to Southeastern North Carolina beach towns from hurricane- and storm-related damage.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

Louisiana coastal authority releases $958 million spending plan

The Louisiana Coastal Restoration and Protection Authority expects to spend $958 million during the fiscal year that begins July 1, the most of any year in the history of the state’s coastal program, according to the draft spending plan released Wednesday.

Great Lakes
Engineering

IN - Commissioners declare emergency over erosion at Lake Michigan shoreline

The Porter County Commissioners have declared an emergency for the entire Porter County portion of the Lake Michigan shoreline following a sharp increase in erosion activity in Beverly Shores.

International
Engineering

India - NIOT new technology helps end coastal erosion in Chennai, Puducherry

The results are for everybody to see. A new beach has formed along the shorelines and the economy there is thriving.

West Coast
Engineering

California conference sounds alarm about sea level rise, storms

Speaker at Propeller Club meeting says over 600,000 of the state’s residents will be exposed to flooding at the end of the century.

Coastwide
Engineering

A Call to Action for Engineers on Climate Change

“If you keep adapting without mitigating, what you are doing is compounding the effects on the poor. Adaptation without reduction of carbon emissions is immoral, and it’s stupid.” – Keith Clarke, former Atkins CEO and chairman, Forum for the Future

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

NJ: DEP Study Predicts Dramatic Sea Level Rise Along Jersey Shore

A new study from the N.J. Department of Environmental Protection projects seas could rise from 2000 levels by up to 1.1 feet by 2030, 2.1 feet by 2050 and 6.3 feet by 2100 in New Jersey, emphasizing the urgency of adaptation work to make the state more resistant to climate change effects. The accompanying report shows New Jersey has already been disproportionately affected by climate change, with sea level rise projections more than two times the global average.

Southeast
Engineering

As Seas Rise, Florida Republicans Examine Ways To Adapt To Climate Change

Florida lawmakers are interested in addressing climate change. But they’re not setting any sort of renewable energy goals—which is something democrats have proposed in the past. Instead, the Republican-led majority is focusing on making the state more adaptable to rising sea levels.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Historic U.S. Towns Endured Wars, Storms. What About Sea Level Rise?

Historic cities and towns along the Southeastern U.S. coast have survived wars, hurricanes, disease outbreaks and other calamities, but now that sea levels are creeping up with no sign of stopping, they face a more existential crisis.

Gulf of Mexico
Engineering

$958M coastal authority draft released for 2021; here's what projects that covers

A draft plan to spend $958 million in fiscal year 2021 on hurricane flood reduction and coastal restoration projects, with more than half the money coming from settlements related to the 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon disaster and oil spill, was presented Wednesday to the state Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority.

Mid-Atlantic
Engineering

Living Shoreline Cost Depends on Site, Size

Typically, once a landowner learns about living shorelines, one of the first questions is “How much does it cost?” Cost is the question that dominates the living shoreline conversation. The answer isn’t all that straightforward.

Arctic & Antarctica
Engineering

How US Army engineers keep things working at the US's northernmost military base in the world

Thule Air Base in Greenland is the US's northernmost military installation on the planet. Its location and the harsh conditions it faces mean Army engineers there have to use special techniques to keep everything running properly.

Coastwide
Engineering

How do silt and sand differ when going with the flow?

Rice-led scientists show grain size, not speed of water, sets silt and sand transport

Southeast
Engineering

Miami beach saved by dumping 300,000 tons of sand

How Florida‘s coast is being saved with huge dumps of sand: Before and after pics show $11.5million project to move 300,000 tons to save coastal resorts

West Coast
Engineering

CA - State awards $5.5M for Hill Slough wetland restoration, research project

SUISUN CITY — Ducks Unlimited has received nearly $5.58 million to restore 603 acres of managed seasonal wetlands to tidal wetlands in the Hill Slough Wildlife Area of the Suisun Marsh.

Northeast
Engineering

NY Long Island - Weekend high tide washes away part of sand barrier

Southampton Town officials are calling for immediate emergency assistance for Dune Road as a man-made sand berm placed in front of the Shinnecock Commercial Fishing Dock by Suffolk County has almost all been washed away.

Great Lakes
Engineering

Coastal Forum focuses on shore erosion, innovative solutions

The Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation (LHCCC) hosted the fourth annual Lake Forum at Beach Street Station last week. Experts, elected officials, representatives from organizations and First Nations gathered to discuss issues and key priorities along the shoreline, including the need for innovative solutions for erosion.