USA - The SEC Eyes Climate Change Disclosures
Securities and Exchange Commission takes action on climate
In late 2020, rumor had it that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under the Biden Administration would likely move to encourage or require more robust disclosure of environmental-social-governance (ESG) and climate-related risks.1 Therefore, it came as no surprise when the Acting Chair of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Allison Herren Lee, released a statement on February 24, 2021, directing the SEC's Division of Corporate Finance to focus on climate-related disclosure in public company filings.2 Although the statement did not apply to the municipal bond market, we have observed that the SEC's Office of Municipal Securities often follows suit after the Division of Corporate Finance releases guidance on risk disclosure matters. For example, on May 4, 2020, SEC Chairman Jay Clayton and Director of the Office of Municipal Securities Rebecca Olsen issued a statement encouraging municipal securities issuers and obligors to provide disclosure relating to the effects of COVID-19 on their finances and operations. This followed a similar statement on April 8, 2020, by the SEC Chairman and the Director of the Division of Corporation Finance regarding disclosures by public companies.3
In her February 24th statement, the Acting SEC Chair announced that staff would begin updating the Commission's Guidance Regarding Disclosure Related to Climate Change, which was released on February 8, 2010 (the 2010 Guidance).4 The 2010 Guidance did not impose specific requirements on public companies, but rather it explained how existing disclosure standards and requirements could require robust disclosure of climate change risks and effects on issuers in relevant contexts. These included, for example, information regarding (i) operating and financial effects of compliance with federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations, including particular disclosure of material pending legal proceedings or environmental litigation, (ii) indirect consequences of regulation and climate factors on revenue and cost structures affecting the issuer, and (iii) potential physical effects of climate change on issuers, including the impact of extreme weather and hazards to coastal property from sea-level rise.
Discussions have increased in recent years about the need for more robust disclosure of climate change risks in municipal bond offering documents. On December 6, 2018, the SEC hosted an inaugural one-day conference on municipal disclosure.