USA - House Passes Nearly $38 Billion in Funding for Water Projects as Part of National Defense Authorization Act
On December 6, 2022, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) by a bipartisan vote of 350-80. The NDAA includes the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 2022, which includes nearly $38 billion in funding for the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps).
The text of the WRDA begins on page 3160 of the NDAA. The WRDA is biennial legislation that provides the Corps with funding to address navigation, flood control, and ecosystem restoration. This year’s bill authorizes projects in all 50 states. On the same day, a bipartisan group of Senators and Representatives announced that they reached an agreement on the WRDA, although the bill has yet to be voted on by the Senate.
The WRDA authorizes 25 new projects – five for navigation, six for managing flood risk, eleven focused on reducing the threat of hurricanes/storms, and three for restoring ecosystems. The funding for those new projects is about $30.4 billion. It also provides roughly $7.4 billion for modifications of existing projects. Highlights of the projects and other water-related portions of the WRDA, and the NDAA more generally, include:
- $21.4 billion for storm protection and ecosystem restoration along the Texas Gulf Coast;
- Extended authorization for a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study on the health impacts of per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS)
- This complements the different projects the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is undertaking to address PFAS contamination;
- $200 million annually from 2023-2027 to address nonpoint source pollutants;
- A requirement that (within a year) each Corps district have a tribal liaison; and
- 170 new or modified infrastructure projects for drinking water, wastewater, and stormwater management
The most notable exclusion from the NDAA is Senator Joe Manchin’s proposal to reform aspects of the environmental permitting process for energy projects and approve the controversial Mountain Valley Pipeline. Although Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer confirmed that the Senate will vote on Senator Manchin’s permitting legislation as an amendment to the NDAA, the chances of passage are slim – senators on both sides of the aisle have voiced strong criticism of the bill.
The WRDA includes three sections focused on California in studies and reports (§§ 8211-8213) and nine sections on deauthorizations and modifications (§§ 8318-8326). California highlights of the WRDA, and the NDAA more generally, include:
- $50 million for water infrastructure in Contra Costa, San Joaquin, Solano, Sacramento, and Yolo Counties;
- $45 million for the “San Francisco Bay Restoration Act” to support rehabilitating the San Francisco Bay, salt marshes, and wetlands;
- $14 million for the Santa Rosa Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Project;
- Expedited completion of the Los Angeles County Drainage Area Disposition Study
- Restoration of habitat along the Santa Ana River and protection of groundwater within the Prado Basin;
- A requirement that EPA create a San Francisco Bay program office; and
- A list of additional projects affecting all parts of California can be found here.
Next, the NDAA (including the WRDA) will be debated and voted on by the Senate. Proponents aim to send the bill to President Biden before the Senate’s end-of-year recess, which is scheduled to begin December 22nd.