Resources for the Future

FL - Florida Climate Outlook: Assessing Physical and Economic Impacts through 2040

How will Florida be impacted by climate change—not in 100 years, but in 20? The questions are addressed in the Florida Climate Outlook: a comprehensive, visual report on the near-term physical and economic impacts of climate change and climate policy in Florida.

The Florida Climate Outlook takes a novel, visual approach in synthesizing new and existing research on Florida’s climate future in the next 20 years. Based on plausible emissions and sea level rise scenarios, the authors assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change—including its effects on storms, human mortality, and agriculture—along with the economic impacts national climate policies would have on Florida households. Throughout the report, infographics illustrate the findings, highlighting key impacts and considerations. For an easy-to-print copy of these infographics, download the document below; read the full report (above) for the full context and references behind these graphics.

Florida Climate Outlook Infographics (Click here)


Climate change is affecting Florida today, and those effects will become more significant in the years to come. This introduction provides basic information on recent temperature trends in Florida, along with projections over the next 20 years. This report discusses the implications of these changing temperatures along with changes in other climatic conditions that will affect Floridians. The report addresses the following topics:

  • Effects of Sea Level Rise in Florida
  • Effects of Climate Change on Storms in Florida
  • Effects of Climate Change on Human Mortality in Florida
  • Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture in Florida
  • Impacts of National Climate Policies on Florida Households

We examine these effects under two plausible scenarios: a moderate emissions scenario, where global greenhouse gas emissions rise by roughly 1 percent annually over the next 20 years; and a high emissions scenario, where emissions rise by 3 percent annually. These scenarios are drawn from an extensive literature and correspond with climate scenarios known as Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 4.5 and 8.5. We apply similar scenarios for future sea level rise. For details on these scenarios, and our rationale for selecting them, please see the Appendix.

See RFF Report.

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