EU - Launch of European coastal flood awareness system
January 2021 saw the launch of development of a new coastal flood awareness system in Europe that could become a candidate to join the Copernicus suite of services.
The Copernicus Programme – the EU Earth Observation and monitoring programme – is a cornerstone of the European Union’s efforts to monitor the Earth and its ecosystems, whilst ensuring that citizens are prepared and protected in the face of crises and natural and man-made disasters. The fundamental pillar of the Copernicus Programme are six cross cutting thematic services, namely Land Monitoring, Marine Environment, Atmosphere, Climate Change, Emergency Management and Security.
The new coastal flood awareness system could contribute to the Copernicus Emergency Management Service (CEMS) by demonstrating the feasibility of a European Coastal Flood Awareness System (ECFAS) that will complement the existing framework for large trans-national river systems (EFAS). ECFAS will also develop innovative solutions for providing rapid mapping of forecasted flooding and will benefit from the integration of space research with other non-space domains, like oceanographic modelling and coastal risk assessment.
Last year, several storms affected European coastlines, from the North Sea to Mediterranean countries. Storms Gloria, Ciara, Dennis and Brendan caused significant damage, extensive flooding and the erosion of coastal areas across Europe, from the Mediterranean to the Northern Atlantic and the North Sea. The Ebro Delta in Spain suffered flooding up to 3 km from the coastline with 30 square kilometers of rice fields destroyed and causing an estimated loss to the national economy of several million euros. This impressive sequence of disasters highlighted the urgency of implementing an operational system at the European scale, able to provide useful and timely information on coastal flood risk from extreme sea level events, for preparedness, response and recovery purposes.